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English bull terrier is a breed that can be described in two words: “rattlesnake mix”. Making a choice in favor of a bull terrier, you should soberly assess your strength and firmness of character – the necessary conditions for the competent socialization of a dog. However, taking the alpha’s place, you will become the happy owner.
The bull terrier belongs to medium breeds of dogs with a muscular and strong physique. At the same time, bitches look more refined than males. So, their height at the withers is 53 and 56 cm, respectively. A slight deviation to a smaller one (for bitches) or a larger one (for males) is acceptable sides.
The bull terrier’s head is set low and has an egg-shaped shape. This is noticeable when examining the dog from the front. It has a homogeneous structure without recesses and protrusions, rather elongated and powerful. The sloping skull is rounded, except for the space between the animal’s ears.
The strong muzzle of the bull terrier is lowered, its depth is in the ratio of 1:3 with the height of the dog at the withers. The stop is smoothed and creates a so-called Roman profile. The large nose lobe is slightly tilted down and pigmented in black. Dry lips fit snugly to the jaws, which is why the dog does not look flaky.
The bull terrier’s ears are characterized by an average size and a close fit in relation to each other. At the same time, the “triangles” themselves are thin and standing. The animal holds them upright – especially if alarmed.
Narrow eyes are set high and obliquely, due to which their shape seems triangular. The pigmentation of the iris should be black, and a dark brown shade is allowed. Pay attention to the fact that the distance from the eyes to the back of the head is much smaller than to the nose lobe. The eyelids are dry and pigmented in black.
The bull terrier is the owner of the correct scissor bite. The standard provides for a close bite or a direct bite after the age of three years of the animal. The lower jaw is more developed and strong. Even and strong teeth sit tightly in the gums.
The muscular neck of the dog is quite long, expanding from the head to the withers. It is curved in an arc, the nape line is pronounced. The skin does not form folds, which makes the neck look dry.
Representatives of this breed are built very compactly. The wide chest has rounded and elastic ribs. A strong withers smoothly turns into a short and straight back with defined muscles. The abdomen is pulled up and forms an upward curve along with the chest line. The dog’s croup is moderately sloped at an angle of 30-35 degrees. The loin is shortened, has a square section.
The bull terrier’s short tail is planted in the hollow of the croup. Tapers from the base to the tip. The dog always holds it horizontally.
The length of the limbs of an adult animal corresponds to the depth of the chest. They look parallel and straight when viewed from the front of the bull terrier. Flat and wide shoulder blades together with strong shoulders form an angle of 90 degrees. The elbows are turned strictly back and fit snugly to the chest. The short pasterns are arranged vertically and turn into compact rounded paws with bent fingers.
Like the forelegs, the hind limbs are straight and parallel to each other. Thighs are muscular and wide. The angle of the knees is pronounced. Strong shins are well developed. The dry hock joints of the bull terrier are distinguished by well-defined angles. Short and massive metatarsals end in small paws with tightly crowded fingers.
Representatives of the breed walk easily and freely, each step of the dogs is flexible and self-confident. The limbs move parallel to each other, but shift to the center line when the animal is running.
The straight and short coat of the dog has a healthy shine. It is very hard to the touch; it “softens” only in winter, when the animals have a small undercoat.
The breed standard provides several options for the color of the bull terrier: white, red, black, red, brindle, multicolor. Sand or blue coat colors are highly undesirable.